What is Domain Name System (DNS) and How to Manage it?

In order to provide all needed elements to maintain and improve a website, web hosts put a lot of effort working on control panels. For those who want to upgrade their websites by making them look more professional and work faster, here are tips on how to manage your Domain Name System. Let’s take cPanel for example and inspect its elements. It’s the leading one in this field. A panel contains simple DNS zone changes, Sub-domains, domain redirection, Add-on domains and parked domains. Now this is what you have to do in order to successfully manage your domains.

Domain Name System

Simple DNS Zone Changes

In your server there are zone files that link domain names to IP addresses. Using these files, DNS can convert a domain name into an IP address. This simple DNS zone plays the role of an editor that allows you to build CNAME and A records. ‘A’ records are very important elements that link IP addresses to hostnames.  Through them, your website is identified as such on the Internet and becomes visible online. To create an A record you have to follow a few simple steps. The first thing is to select a domain, then type the words ‘Name’ and ‘Address’ and then click the ‘Add A Record’ button.

As for CNAME records, these are canonical name records that create nicknames and help a server to proceed its DNS search using another name. To create such record, all you have to do is type ‘Name’ and ‘CNAME’ and click ‘Add CNAME Record’. And there you have it.

Sub-Domains

Sub-domains are basically separate sections of a website. They are very easy to remember because they use the name of the domain and only add a prefix in front. For example, if the domain is now.com, the sub-domain would be subdomain.now.com. You can also install a different script and make your sub-domain look totally different from the main one.

You can create as many sub-domains as you like. Normally, you can enter them right after creating them but sometimes it’s possible to have to wait about an hour because DNS servers might not recognise it immediately.

Domain Redirection

There are two types of redirect – a permanent and a temporary one. A permanent one will inform browsers that they have to update, while a temporary one won’t update bookmarks of users. What you have to do is write the name of the website you want users to be redirected to, using http://, ftp:// or https:// and choose if you want it to redirect with or without www. It’s easy to remove a redirect if you want to. Just click the ‘X’ button and it’s done.

Add-on Domains

Add-on domains are separate domains which allow visitors to type add-on URL and get to your website. When making an add-on domain, you should not add www at the beginning. Enter a FTP username and password, click the ‘Add domain’ button and it’s ready. What you should keep in mind is that it takes time and you have to wait some time for the process to be completed, without closing the page or clicking the button many times.

Parked Domains

These allow you to create another domain which will be shown as a main one and will look absolutely the same way. To create a parked domain, you have to click ‘Add Domain’ and make sure you register it. The ‘Document Root’ button lets you check the domain’s directory. Then click ‘Manage Redirection’ and add the link of the parked domain. In case you want to remove it, click ‘Disable Redirection’.